Gambaran Kadar Hemoglobin dan Hematokrit pada Wanita Usia Produktif

Fadil Hidayat* -  Universitas Tarumanagara, Indonesia
Giovanno Sebastian Yogie -  Universitas Tarumanagara, Indonesia
Yohanes Firmansyah -  Universitas Tarumanagara, Indonesia
Alexander Halim Santoso -  Universitas Tarumanagara, Indonesia
Joshua Kurniawan -  Universitas Tarumanagara, Indonesia
Ranindita Maulya Ismah Amimah -  Universitas Tarumanagara, Indonesia
Brian Albert Gaofman -  Universitas Tarumanagara, Indonesia
Rifi Nathaznya Syachputri -  Universitas Tarumanagara, Indonesia

ABSTRACT

 

Anemia is one of the common public health problems that cannot be underestimated. This could occur especially in children, pregnant and postnatal women, as well as female adolescents or women in menstruation. If untreated, anemia will cause bad effects on the patient, including premature delivery, low birth weight, affecting productivity and performance in work, and also could lead to organ failures or even death. To find out the haemoglobin and haematocrit profile in women of productive age. This is a descriptive study with a cross-sectional design. Data was obtained in July 2023 from Cipondoh Ward. Samples are obtained using a non-random purposive sampling method, including women of productive age that met the criteria. Data was obtained through interviews and blood examination. Qualitative data is presented in proportion (%), and quantitative data is presented in centralized data distribution. This study included 71 women of reproductive age, with the most respondents in the age group 51-64 years (59.2%). The mean haemoglobin level was 12.10 (±1.48) g/dL, with normal haemoglobin levels in 54.9% of respondents, mild anemia in 36.6% of respondents, and moderate anemia in 8.5% of respondents. The study also found an average haematocrit level of 35.70 (±4.35) % from all respondents.

Anemia could occur in women of productive age in various age groups. It is important to evaluate haemoglobin and haematocrit levels in women of productive age. further research is needed to assess the parameters to find out the type of anemia, and also to explore and analyze the factors that could cause anemia.

 

Keywords: Age, Anemia, Female

 

 

ABSTRAK

 

Anemia merupakan salah satu dari masalah kesehatan masyarakat yang tidak dapat dianggap remeh. Hal ini dapat terjadi terutama pada anak-anak, wanita hamil dan pasca melahirkan, serta remaja putri dan wanita yang sedang menstruasi. Apabila dibiarkan, anemia akan berdampak buruk pada penderitanya, seperti kelahiran premature dan berat badan lahir rendah, gangguan produktivitas dan performa dalam pekerjaan, juga dapat terjadi kegagalan organ hingga kematian. Mengetahui gambaran kadar hemoglobin dan hematokrit pada wanita usia produktif. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif dengan desain potong lintang. Data yang diperoleh pada bulan Juli 2023 di Rukun Warga (RW) 008 Kelurahan Cipondoh. Sampel pada penelitian diperoleh dengan metode non-random purposive sampling, meliputi wanita usia produktif yang memenuhi kriteria. Data diperoleh melalui anamnesis dan pemeriksaan darah. Data disajikan dalam proporsi (%) untuk data kualitatif serta sebaran data terpusat untuk data kuantitatif. Penelitian ini mengikutsertakan 71 wanita usia produktif, dengan responden terbanyak pada kelompok usia 51-64 tahun (59,2%). Didapatkan rerata kadar hemoglobin 12,10 (±1,48) g/dL, dengan kadar hemoglobin normal pada 54.9% responden, anemia ringan pada 36,6% responden, dan anemia sedang pada 8,5% responden. Didapatkan juga rerata kadar hematokrit 35,70 (±4,35) dari seluruh responden. Anemia dapat terjadi pada perempuan usia produktif di berbagai kelompok usia. Penting untuk mengevaluasi kadar hemoglobin dan hematokrit pada wanita usia produktif. Disarankan penelitian selanjutnya untuk menilai parameter lainnya seperti untuk mengetahui jenis anemia dan menelusuri serta menganalisis faktor-faktor penyebab anemia.

 

Kata Kunci: Anemia, Perempuan, Usia

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