Hubungan antara Psychological Distress dengan Hipertensi pada Masyarakat di Kabupaten Manggarai

Claudia fariday dewi* -  Universitas Katolik Indonesia Santu Paulus Ruteng
Fransiska Yuniati Demang -  , Indonesia
Yuliana Suryati -  , Indonesia
David Djerubu -  , Indonesia
Maria Sriana Banul -  , Indonesia

ABSTRACT


Hypertension has become a cardiovascular disease and the leading cause of death globally. Approximately 80% of deaths from hypertension are recorded in low-income countries. Forms of chronic morbidity, including mental disorders and hypertension, play a central role in shaping the burden of disease in developing countries. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between psychological stress and hypertension. The type of research used is an analytical observational study with a cross sectional approach, where data concerning the independent and dependent variables will be collected at the same time. This research was conducted in Langke Rembong District, Manggarai Regency with a total of 200 respondents. Data was collected by measuring blood pressure in hypertensive patients and distributing Psychological Distress Scale questionnaires. The results showed that 30% of respondents with hypertension had psychological problems, with the results of bivariate analysis showing a p value of 0.000. This shows that there is a significant relationship between the problem of hypertension and the psychological pressure experienced by someone with hypertension. The results of this study indicate that psychological stress can be a risk factor for hypertension or vice versa. It is hoped that patients with hypertension can pay attention to their psychological condition so as not to aggravate the increase in blood pressure and the physical effects caused by it.
 
Keywords: Hypertension, Psychological Distress, Manggarai

 

 

ABSTRAK

 

Hipertensi telah menjadi penyakit kardiovaskular dan penyebab utama kematian global. Sekitar 80% dari kematian akibat hipertensi tercatat di negara berpenghasilan rendah. Bentuk morbiditas kronis, termasuk gangguan mental dan hipertensi, memainkan peran sentral dalam membentuk beban penyakit di negara berkembang. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menentukan hubungan antara stres psikologis dengan hipertensi. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah penelitian yang bersifat observasional analitik dengan pendekatan cross sectional, dimana data yang menyangkut variabel bebas dan terikat akan dikumpulkan dalam waktu yang bersamaan. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di Kecamatan Langke Rembong Kabupaten Manggarai dengan jumlah responden sebanyak 200 orang. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan melakukan pengukuran tekanan darah pada pasien hipertensi dan membagikan kuesioner Psychological Distress Scale. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan 30% responden dengan hipertensi memiliki masalah psikologis, dengan hasil analisis bivariat menunjukkan nilai p value 0,000. Hal ini menunjukkan adanya hubungan yang signifikan antara masalah hipertensi dengan tekanan psikologis yang dialami seseorang dengan hipertensi. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa stress psikologis dapat menjadi faktor resiko hipertensi atau sebaliknya. Diharapkan pasien dengan hipertensi dapat memperhatikan kondisi psikologis mereka agar tidak memperparah peningkatan tekanan darah dan efek fisik yang ditimbulkan karenanya.

 

Kata Kunci: Hipertensi, Psychological Distress, Manggarai

Kata Kunci : Hipertensi; Psychological Distress; Manggarai

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