Injuries among wheelchair basketball players: A systematic review

Novita Sri Wulandari, Suryo Saputra Perdana, Amalia Nur Azizah


Background: Injuries in wheelchair basketball athletes have detrimental physical and psychological impacts on sports performance. There are numerous injuries occurring during wheelchair basketball games, be it during practice, competitions, or post-events.

Purpose: This research aims to determine the frequently occurring injuries among wheelchair basketball athletes.

Method: A systematic search was conducted across five databases (PubMed, Google Scholar, Science Direct, Web of Science, and Sports Discus). A systematic review was conducted on Cross-Sectional Studies, and the study quality assessment was performed using NIH.

Results: From the systematic review of 5 articles, it indicated that the commonly occurring injury rate focused on the sacral area, accounting for 19.3%.

Conclusion: Efforts to reduce the risk of injuries in athletes, particularly in the sacral area, can enhance their quality of life and their ability to achieve better outcomes. 


Incidence Rate; Parasport Injuries; Wheelchair Athlete; Wheelchair Basketball

Full Text:



Bosma, N., & Van Yperen, N. W. (2020). A quantitative study of the impact of functional classification on competitive anxiety and performance among wheelchair basketball athletes. Frontiers in Psychology, 11, 558123.

Daily, J. P., & Stumbo, J. R. (2018). Female athlete triad. Primary Care: Clinics in Office Practice, 45(4), 615-624.

Ferreira, S. A., Souza, W. C. D., Nascimento, M. A. D., Tartaruga, M. P., Portela, B. S., Mascarenhas, L. P. G., & Queiroga, M. R. (2017). Morphological characteristics, muscle strength, and anaerobic power performance of wheelchair basketball players. Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria & Desempenho Humano, 19, 343-353.

Hollander, K., Kluge, S., Glöer, F., Riepenhof, H., Zech, A., & Junge, A. (2020). Epidemiology of injuries during the wheelchair Basketball world Championships 2018: a prospective cohort study. Scandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports, 30(1), 199-207.

Huzmeli, E. D., Katayifci, N., & Hallaceli, H. (2017). Injuries in wheelchair basketball players. New Trends and Issues Proceedings on Advances in Pure and Applied Sciences, 8, 29-35.

International Olympic Committee Injury and Illness Epidemiology Consensus Group, Bahr, R., Clarsen, B., Derman, W., Dvorak, J., Emery, C. A., & Chamari, K. (2020). International Olympic Committee consensus statement: methods for recording and reporting of epidemiological data on injury and illness in sports 2020 (including the STROBE extension for sports injury and illness surveillance (STROBE-SIIS). Orthopaedic journal of sports medicine, 8(2), 2325967120902908.

Kovacs, F. M., Seco, J., Royuela, A., Barriga, A., & Zamora, J. (2018). Prevalence and factors associated with a higher risk of neck and back pain among permanent wheelchair users: a cross-sectional study. Spinal cord, 56(4), 392-405.

Lätti, A. M., Pekkanen, J., & Koskela, H. O. (2018). Defining the risk factors for acute, subacute and chronic cough: a cross-sectional study in a Finnish adult employee population. BMJ open, 8(7), e022950.

Li, C. T., Chen, Y. N., Chang, C. H., & Tsai, K. H. (2014). The effects of backward adjustable thoracic support in wheelchair on spinal curvature and back muscle activation for elderly people. PloS one, 9(11), e113644.

Loveless, M. B. (2017). Female athlete triad. Current Opinion in Obstetrics and Gynecology, 29(5), 301-305.

Morriën, F., Taylor, M. J., & Hettinga, F. J. (2017). Biomechanics in paralympics: implications for performance. International journal of sports physiology and performance, 12(5), 578-589.

Mutsuzaki, H., Tachibana, K., Shimizu, Y., Hotta, K., Fukaya, T., Karasawa, M., & Wadano, Y. (2014). Factors associated with deep tissue injury in male wheelchair basketball players of a Japanese national team. Asia-Pacific Journal of Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation and Technology, 1(2), 72-76.

Najafabadi, M. G., Shariat, A., Anastasio, A. T., Khah, A. S., Shaw, I., & Kavianpour, M. (2023). Wheelchair basketball, health, competitive analysis, and performance advantage: a review of theory and evidence. Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation, 19(4), 208.

Pinheiro, L. S. P., Ocarino, J. M., Madaleno, F. O., Verhagen, E., de Mello, M. T., Albuquerque, M. R., & Resende, R. A. (2021). Prevalence and incidence of injuries in para athletes: a systematic review with meta-analysis and GRADE recommendations. British journal of sports medicine, 55(23), 1357-1365.

Ristolainen, L., Kettunen, J. A., Kujala, U. M., & Heinonen, A. (2012). Sport injuries as the main cause of sport career termination among Finnish top-level athletes. European Journal of Sport Science, 12(3), 274-282.

Rocco, F. M., & Saito, E. T. (2006). Epidemiology of sportive injuries in basketball wheelchair players. Acta Fisiátrica, 13(1), 17-20.

Saremi, H., Yavarikia, A., & Jafari, N. (2016). Generalized ligamentous laxity: an important predisposing factor for shoulder injuries in athletes. Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal, 18(6).

Shimizu, Y., Mutsuzaki, H., Tachibana, K., Tsunoda, K., Hotta, K., Fukaya, T., & Wadano, Y. (2017). A survey of deep tissue injury in elite female wheelchair basketball players. Journal of back and musculoskeletal rehabilitation, 30(3), 427-434.

Soo Hoo, J. A., Latzka, E., & Harrast, M. A. (2019). A descriptive study of self‐reported injury in non‐elite adaptive athletes. PM&R, 11(1), 25-32.

Verhagen, E., & Van Mechelen, W. (Eds.). (2010). Sports injury research (Vol. 16, No. 1). Oxford University Press.

Willick, S. E., Webborn, N., Emery, C., Blauwet, C. A., Pit-Grosheide, P., Stomphorst, J., & Schwellnus, M. (2013). The epidemiology of injuries at the London 2012 Paralympic Games. British journal of sports medicine, 47(7), 426-432.

Wilroy, J., & Hibberd, E. (2018). Evaluation of a shoulder injury prevention program in wheelchair basketball. Journal of sport rehabilitation, 27(6), 554-559.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 Malahayati International Journal of Nursing and Health Science

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.